Profiling beneficial phytochemicals in a potato somatic hybrid for tuber peels processing: phenolic acids and anthocyanins composition
Ben Jeddou, Khawla; Kammoun, Mariem; Hellström, Jarkko; Gutiérrez‐Quequezana, Liz; Rokka, Veli‐Matti; Gargouri‐Bouzid, Radhia; Ellouze‐Chaabouni, Semia; Nouri‐Ellouz, Oumèma (2021)
Ben Jeddou, Khawla
Food science & nutrition
John Wiley & Sons
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The purpose of this study was to characterize the peels of a CN1 somatic hybrid obtained from two dihaploid potato lines (Cardinal H14 and Nicola H1) in terms of the health‐promoting phenolic compounds (phenolic acids and anthocyanins). The CN1 hybrid is defined by a pink tuber skin color making it different from the light‐yellow‐skinned “Spunta,” which is the most commonly grown potato cultivar in Tunisia. Oven‐dried peel samples derived from CN1 hybrid and cv. Spunta were ground, and phenolic compounds were extracted with water or methanol for quantification. Lyophilized peels were used for the phenolic acid and anthocyanin analyses. Higher total quantities of phenolic compounds were recovered in methanol extracts compared with water extracts. A slightly higher concentration of phenolic acids (100 mg/100 g DW) was obtained in the lyophilized peels extract of CN1 hybrid than in the cv. Spunta corresponding sample (83 mg/100 g DW). The profiles of the chlorogenic acid isomers were almost identical in both of CN1 hybrid and cv. Spunta. Caffeic acid (CA) and three caffeoylquinic acids (CQAs): 3‐CQA, 4‐CQA, and 5‐CQA, were identified from both genotypes, 5‐CQA being the dominant form in both potatoes. Since the CN1 hybrid has a pink skin color, its anthocyanin profile was also determined. The anthocyanin quantity in the CN1 peels was 5.07 mg/100 g DW, involving six different anthocyanins that were identified within the extract, namely, Pelargonidin‐3‐rutinoside‐5‐glucoside, peonidin‐3‐rutinoside‐5‐glucoside, coumaroyl ester of pelargonidin‐3‐rutinoside‐5‐glucoside, coumaroyl ester of peonidin‐3‐rutinoside‐5‐glucoside, feruloyl ester of pelargonidin‐3‐rutinoside‐5‐glucoside, and feruloyl ester of peonidin‐3‐rutinoside‐5‐glucoside. These results suggest that the peel waste of CN1 somatic hybrid can be considered as a promising source of high‐value compounds for food industry.
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