Maidon, viljan ja sianlihan tuotantokustannukset kirjanpitotiloilla
Riepponen, Leena (1998)
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Maatalouden taloudellinen tutkimuslaitos, Tutkimuksia
Maatalouden taloudellinen tutkimuslaitos
The purpose of the study is to calculate the production costs of milk, cereals and pigmeat on the bookkeeping farms. Results from the bookkeeping farms in 1995 are used as the data. Farms have been classified on the basis of the production cost. The production costs have also been calculated for various support areas, and they have been compared to the production costs prior to the EU membership. The average production cost for milk was FIM 3.56/l. On about a fifth of the farms the production cost for milk was less than FIM 3.00/l, and on about half of the farms it was below FIM 3.50/l. When the farms were classified into four groups of an equal size on the basis of the profitability coefficient, the production cost in the best group was FIM 2.93/l and in the worst it was FIM 4.29/l. The best and the worst groups differed in the first place in terms of the labour cost and depreciations. According to the support areas, the production cost was the lowest in area B and the highest in area C3. The average production cost for milk fell by 8% between 1992 and 1995. The average production cost for cereals was FIM 1.98/kg. On 32% of the farms the production cost of cereals was below FIM 1.60/kg, and on 61% of the farms the cost was less than FIM 2.00/kg. When the farms were divided into the four profitability classes, on farms with the highest profitability the production cost was FIM 1.39/kg and in the group with the lowest profitability it was FIM 2.56/kg. The differences were the greatest in the labour cost and depreciations. In terms of the support areas the production cost was the highest in area A and the lowest in area C. On average, the production costs have fallen by 19% between 1991 and 1995. The average production cost for pigmeat was FIM 14.11/kg. 18% of the pig farms produced a kilo of pigmeat for less than FIM 11.00, and on 47% of the farms the cost was below FIM 14.00. When the pig farms were divided into three profitability classes, in the third with the highest profitability the production cost was FIM 11.43/kg, and in the weakest third it was FIM 15.80/kg. When examined according to the support area, the production cost was the lowest in area C and the highest in area A, in which the labour cost and depreciations were clearly higher than in the other areas. The production costs of pigmeat decreased by the average of 29% between 1992 and 1995
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