Pollen analyses of honey from Finland
Salonen, Anneli; Ollikka, Tarja; Grönlund, Elisabeth; Ruottinen, Lauri; Julkunen-Tiitto, Riitta (2009)
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Taylor & Francis
Abstract: The present study reports results of qualitative melissopalynological analyses of Finnish honey between the years 2000-2007 and changes in its pollen content from the period 1960-2007. Altogether the pollen content of 734 honey samples was analysed with an average of 415 pollen grains counted from a sample. Pollen of Trifolium repens type, Rubus spp., Salix spp. and the Brassicaceae family were present in more than 90% of the samples, and these pollen types were also found in the highest proportions. Annual variation in the relative amounts of the most numerous pollen types could be as high as 10%. On the basis of the pollen spectra of the honey samples, four regions of forage plants for bees could be identified in Finland. In the period between 1960 and 2007, the most marked change observed was that the percentage of the Trifolium spp. pollen type had decreased from 70% to 10%, while the proportions of Brassicaceae and Rosaceae pollen types showed a corresponding increase.
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