Market for forest machinery producers in the Leningrad region
Gerasimov, Yuri; Karjalainen, Timo (2007)
Finnish Forest Research Institute Metsäntutkimuslaitos
Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
Need for timber and energy wood harvesting machinery in the Leningrad region has been assessed in this report as the region is one of the key customers for wood harvesting machinery in Russia. Actual cut has been about 8 million m³ in the recent years and may not increase in the future due to challenges in implementation of the new Forest Code and increasing custom duties for round wood export. Recent and coming development of forestry practices in the region includes fast implementation of cut-to-length harvesting, transfer of technology, introduction of commercial thinnings and energy wood harvesting. The forest machine fleet in the Leningrad region is about 750 machines for traditional technology and about 120-150 machines for cut-to-length technology. Domestic machinery fleet is very old, and approximately 80% of the machines are utilised over normative assigned lifetime. Domestic forest machinery manufacturing has dropped both in quantity and models, and thus imported cut-to-length machinery is replacing domestic tree-length machinery.Results indicate that the need for cut-to-length machinery is 20-30 harvesters, forwarders and short-wood trucks per year and could increase to 30-40 machines each in the near future. Maximum need for the machinery in the Leningrad region could be 50-60 harvesters, forwarders and short-wood trucks per year if allowable cut and thinnings would be realised in full scale. Need for energy wood harvesting machinery is about 4 biomass forwarders, 10 mobile chippers and wood chip trucks per year and could be 6 and 15-20 machines per year in the near future, respectively. Maximum need could be 30-40 biomass forwarders, mobile chippers and wood chip trucks per year if energy wood would be collected after fully realised allowable cut and thinnings. Currently only one third of the forest leasers in the Leningrad region have enough forest resources and could be users of Nordic cut-to-length technology based on actual cut. These 41 enterprises would need 270 machines, of which 90 harvesters, 100 forwarders and 80 short-wood trucks. Thirty seven companies in energy wood harvesting would need about 50 biomass forwarders and chippers and about 60 wood chip trucks. Ten biggest enterprises would need half of the total fleet. Sixty percents of the forest leasers in the Leningrad region have enough forest resources and could be users of Nordic cut-to-length technology if allowable cut would be utilised completely and if also thinnings would be done in full scale. These about 70 enterprises would need 500-770 machines, of which 160-260 harvesters, 190-280 forwarders and 150-230 short-wood trucks. In energy wood harvesting 56-70 companies would need 100-150 biomass forwarders and chippers and 110-180 wood chip trucks. Also in this case top ten enterprises would need half of the total fleet.
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