ESLab application to a boreal watershed in southern Finland : preparing for a virtual research environment of ecosystem services
Holmberg, Maria; Akujärvi, Anu; Anttila, Saku; Arvola, Lauri; Bergström, Irina; Böttcher, Kristin; Feng, Xiaoming; Forsius, Martin; Huttunen, Inese; Huttunen, Markus; Laine, Yki; Lehtonen, Heikki; Mononen, Laura; Rankinen, Katri; Repo, Anna; Piirainen, Vanamo; Vanhala, Pekka; Vihervaara, Petteri (2015)
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We report on preparatory work to develop a virtual laboratory for ecosystem services, ESLab, and demonstrate its pilot application in southern Finland. The themes included in the pilot are related to biodiversity conservation, climate mitigation and eutrophication mitigation. ESLab is a research environment for ecosystem services (ES), which considers ES indicators at different landscape scales: habitats, catchments and municipalities and shares the results by a service that utilizes machine readable interfaces. The study area of the pilot application is situated in the boreal region of southern Finland and covers 14 municipalities and ten catchments including forested, agricultural and nature conservation areas. We present case studies including: present carbon budgets of natural ecosystems; future carbon budgets with and without the removal of harvest residues for bioenergy production; and total phosphorus and nitrogen future loads under climate and agricultural yield and price scenarios. The ESLab allows researchers to present and share the results as visual maps, statistics and graphs. Our further aim is to provide a toolbox of easily accessible virtual services for ES researchers, to illustrate the comprehensive societal consequences of multiple decisions (e.g. concerning land use, fertilisation or harvesting) in a changing environment (climate, deposition).
- Julkaisut